The Cathedral of Santa Maria de Mallorca
We leave l’Almudaina and go up the stairs that lead us in front of the Cathedral.
The Cathedral-Basilica of Santa Maria de Palma de Mallorca, also known as the Cathedral of Mallorca, Cathedral of the Sea, Cathedral of Light or La Seu in Mallorcan, is full of names, anecdotes and curiosities.
It overlooks the sea over the medieval and Renaissance walls that protected the city of Palma, and is the only Gothic cathedral that fulfils this peculiarity.
History of the Cathedral of Mallorca
Its construction began with James I, King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona after the conquest of Madina Mayurqa in 1229, which had been in Muslim hands since 903.
He decided to demolish the old mosque in order to build a large church dedicated to Saint Mary, apparently in fulfilment of a promise he had made after being saved from a shipwreck at sea.
It was not until 1630, almost 400 years later, that its construction was completed.
It has been restored on many occasions, but Gaudí’s interventions in 1904 and Miquel Barceló’s in 2007 stand out above all.
Major Rose Window of the Cathedral
Its rose window known as the “Eye of the Gothic”, with a diameter of around 12 metres, is the largest of the Gothic cathedrals in the Mediterranean. With 1,236 crystals, it offers different lighting effects such as the “Vuit” (eight) or “Festival of Light” spectacle, where the reflection of the largest rose window is projected under the opposite rose window to form an eight.
This show takes place only twice a year (on 2 February and 11 November) and attracts more than 2,000 people.
We could write lines and lines about the Cathedral but we prefer to leave some for the Free Tour, where you will discover what to see in Mallorca.